The Influence of Job Motivation on Job Satisfaction: A Case Study of Polytechnic Academic Staff
Job motivation plays a vital role in determining job satisfaction levels. In the Malaysian Polytechnic context, limited studies have investigated the influence of job motivation on job satisfaction among academic staff. Therefore, this study aims is to examine the influence of job motivation on job satisfaction among polytechnic academic staff. This study employs quantitative research and single-cross sectional study. The data is gathered using the survey method. The result of multiple regression analysis shows that job motivation significantly and positively influences job satisfaction. More specifically, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation show a significant and positive influence on job satisfaction. It implies that improving job motivation in terms of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is critically important to increase job satisfaction among polytechnic academic staff. Therefore, this study will contribute to polytechnic management as an indicator in the decision-making process to achieve the desired goals in the future.
Bentley, P. J., Coates, H., Dobson, I. R., Goedegebuure, L., & Meek, V. L. (2013). Factors associated with job satisfaction amongst Australian university academics and future workforce implications. In: Bentley, P. J., Coates, H., Dobson, I. R., Goedegebuure, L., & Meek, V. L. (eds). Job Satisfaction around the Academic World. The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective, 7, 29-53. Springer, Dordrecht.
Brayfield, A. H., & Rothe, H. F. (1951). An index of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 35(5), 307-311.
Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185-216.
Dalal, R. S., Baysinger, M., Brummel, B. J., & LeBreton, J. M. (2012). The relative importance of employee engagement, other job attitudes, and trait affect as predictors of job performance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 295-325.
de Lourdes Machado-Taylor, M., Meira Soares, V., Brites, R., Brites Ferreira, J., Farhangmehr, M., Gouveia, O. M. R., & Peterson, M. (2016). Academic job satisfaction and motivation: findings from a nationwide study in Portuguese higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 41(3), 541-559.
de Lourdes Machadoa, M., Soaresb, V. M., Britesc, R., Ferreirad, J. B., Gouveiae, O. M. R. (2011). A look to academics job satisfaction and motivation in Portuguese higher education institutions. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 1715-1724.
Dunnette, M. D., Campbell, J. P., & Hakel, M. D. (1967). Factors contributing to job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction in six occupational groups. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 2(2), 143-174.
Grujičić, M., Jovičić-Bata, J., & Novaković, B. (2018). Motivation and job satisfaction of healthcare professionals in urban and rural areas in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Medicinski Pregled, 71(1-2), 33-41.
Hee, O. C., Ong, S. H., Ping, L. L., Kowang, T. O., & Fei, G. C. (2019). Factors influencing job satisfaction in the Higher Learning Institutions in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 9(2), 10–20.
Herzberg, F. (1987). One more time: how do you motivate employees?. Harvard business review, 65(5).
Kalleberg, A. L. (1977). Work values and job rewards: A theory of job satisfaction. American Sociological Review, 124-143.
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610.
Machado-Taylor, M. D. L., Soares, V. M., Ferreira, J. B., & Gouveia, O. M. R. (2011). What factors of satisfaction and motivation are affecting the development of the academic career in Portuguese higher education institutions?. Revista de Administração Pública, 45(1), 33-44.
Mehrad, A. (2020). Evaluation of academic staff job satisfaction at Malaysian universities in the context of Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory. Journal of Social Science Research, 15, 157-166.
Omar, M. S., Aziz, S. F. A., & Salleh, N. M. (2020). Factors affecting job satisfaction among academic employees in polytechnic. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(11), 209-216.
Omar, M. S., Rafie, N., & Selo, S. A. (2020). Job Satisfaction Influence Job Performance among Polytechnic Employees. International Journal of Modern Trends in Social Sciences, 3(14), 39-46.
Place, A. W. (1997): Career choice of education: Holland type, diversity and self-efficacy. Journal for a just and Curing Education, 3, 203-214.
Ridzuan, A. R., Baharudin, N. ‘Aqilah A., Ismail, S., Arham, A. F., Nazri, N. M., & Rahman, M. F. A. (2018). Measuring the Factors of Employees’ Job Satisfaction among Lecturers in UiTM Melaka. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(10), 899–914.
Sánchez-Beaskoetxea, J., & Coca García, C. (2015). Media image of seafarers in the Spanish printed press. Maritime Policy & Management, 42(2), 97-110.
Sari, E. T. (2017). Motivation and satisfaction towards employees’ loyalty to achieve company’s advantage. Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis dan Inovasi, 4(1), 69-81.
Shmailan, B., & Abdulwahab, S. (2016). The relationship between job satisfaction, job performance and employee engagement: An explorative study. Issues in Business Management and Economics, 4 (1), 1-8.
Smerek, R. E., & Peterson, M. (2007). Examining Herzberg’s theory: Improving job satisfaction among non-academic employees at a university. Research in Higher Education, 48(2), 229-250.
Stankovska, G., Angelkoska, S., Osmani, F., & Grncarovska, S. P. (2017). Job Motivation and Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff in Higher Education. Bulgarian Comparative Education Society, 15, 159-166.
Teck-Hong, T., & Waheed, A. (2011). Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory and job satisfaction in the Malaysian retail sector: The mediating effect of love of money. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 16(1), 73–94.
Tentama, F., Subardjo, Dewi, L. (2020). The correlation between work motivation and job satisfaction of the academic staffs. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(2), 2295-2297.
Torlak, N. G., & Kuzey, C. (2019). Leadership, job satisfaction and performance links in private education institutes of Pakistan. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 68(2), 276-295.
Viseu, J., de Jesus, S.N., Rus, C., & Canavarro, J.M. (2016). Teacher motivation, work satisfaction, and positive psychological capital: A literature review. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 14(2), 439-461.
Wae-esor, E., Bakar, A. B. A., & Hee, H. C. (2016). The relationship between work motivation and job satisfaction of muslim public health employees in Pattani Province, Thailand. Journal of Global Business and Social Entrepreneurship (GBSE), 2(1), 162-171.
Yee, L. C. (2018). An Analysis on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Work Performance among Academic Staff in Malaysian Private Universities. Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 1(2), 64‐73.
Yuen, K. F., Loh, H. S., Zhou, Q., & Wong, Y. D. (2018). Determinants of job satisfaction and performance of seafarers. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 110, 1-12.