Masalah Sekuriti Makanan Sebelum dan Semasa Pandemik Covid-19: Kajian kes di New Zealand

  • Maureen De Silva Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Emma Tingkas Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Yew Meng Lai Pusat Penataran Ilmu dan Bahasa, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Zainuddin Baco Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Diana Peters Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Dg. Junaidah Awang Jambol Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: sekuriti makanan, masalah sekuriti makanan, pandemik Covid-19, New Zealand

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menelusuri dinamika masalah sekuriti makanan yang berlaku di kalangan rakyat sebelum dan semasa pandemik Covid-19. Berlandaskan kepada kajian kes ke atas negara New Zealand, kajian ini akan merungkaikan isu sekuriti makanan yang dialami oleh rakyat New Zealand dalam tempoh dua dekad kebelakangan ini dan impak pandemik Covid-19 ke atas masalah sekuriti makanan di kalangan rakyat. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa dalam tempoh 20 tahun ini, sebilangan penduduk New Zealand sudah berhadapan dengan isu akses kepada makanan terutamanya golongan etnik Maori dan Pasifik, gelandangan, kanak-kanak, ibu/bapa tunggal, dan orang kurang upaya. Mereka berhadapan dengan isu tidak cukup makanan yang antaranya menjejaskan nutrisi, kestabilan mental dan hubungan kekeluargaan. Masalah sekuriti makanan yang dihadapi oleh rakyat New Zealand diperburukkan lagi apabila berlakunya pandemik Covid-19 pada akhir tahun 2019. Pandemik ini bukan sahaja telah mencetuskan krisis kesihatan tetapi ia juga telah menyebabkan krisis ekonomi yang bersama-samanya menimbulkan ancaman terhadap sekuriti makanan di kalangan ramai lagi rakyat New Zealand. Antaranya, pandemik Covid-19 telah menjejaskan akses kepada makanan dari segi ketiadaan sumber pendapatan mencukupi untuk membeli makanan kerana lockdown atau dibuang kerja; gangguan kepada sistem rantaian bekalan bila berlakunya kekurangan produk penting disebabkan oleh pembelian panik dan masalah pembungkusan; kenaikan harga barangan terutamanya sayuran dan buah-buahan segar yang menjejaskan pengambilan nutrisi; dan penutupan bank makanan serta perniagaan kecil semasa tempoh lockdown kerana tidak dikategorikan sebagai essential. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan analisis sejarah berdasarkan penggunaan sumber primer (khususnya dokumen, laporan, akhbar) dan sumber sekunder.

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Published
2021-06-10
How to Cite
De Silva, M., Tingkas, E., Lai, Y., Baco, Z., Peters, D. and Awang Jambol, D. J. (2021) “Masalah Sekuriti Makanan Sebelum dan Semasa Pandemik Covid-19: Kajian kes di New Zealand”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(6), pp. 1 - 17. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i6.832.
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Articles