Exploring Alternative form of International Aid: A Study on Islamic Faith Based Organisation (IFBOs) Assistance in Gaza, Palestine

  • Ferooze Ali School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia
  • Azmil Tayeb School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia
Keywords: Islamic Faith Based Organisations, Gaza, Palestine, Malaysia, Aman Palestin, Aid Conditionalities, Alternative form of International Aid, Democratic Interactions, Aid Flexibility


International aid from the U. S, UK, and EU has always been constantly debated within the context of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (oPt). The concern revolves around Western donors’ strict political and economic-based conditions. Critiques focus on how these factors impede aid effectiveness in addressing the local Palestinian challenges under Israel’s colonisation. The researcher argued, while this theme has been a defining feature of the academic debate for the past two decades, less research is apportioned towards exploring an alternative form of donorship. To be specific, the idea of seeking a new category of actor donor which might render aid in a more selfless, flexible, and democratic basis. To explore this potentiality, the researcher selected the IFBOs sector focusing on organisations from Malaysia, i.e. Malaysian Islamic Faith-Based Organisation (MFBOs). I dissected the policies of 7 MFBOs to gain insights into this sector’s socio-economic aid in Gaza. I interviewed 13 policymakers. The overall outcome of this exploratory research suggested the MFBOs sector is generally more flexible and democratic in their policy conduct. Further research is also needed to expand this discourse.

Abstract views: 74 , PDF downloads: 99


Download data is not yet available.


Aktiviti dan Projek Aman Palestin. (2017, August 21). Aman Palestin. Retrieved from www.amanpalestin.net/salam.php?kategori=aktiviti_projek

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Challand, B. (2008). Palestinian civil society: Foreign donors and the power to promote and exclude. New York: Routledge.

Clarke, G. (2008). Faith-based organizations and international development: An overview. Development, civil society and faith-based organizations, 17-45.

Creswell, J. W., Hanson, W. E., Clark Plano, V. L., & Morales, A. (2007). Qualitative research designs: Selection and implementation. The counseling psychologist, 35(2), 236-264.

Hall, P. A., & Taylor, R. C. (1996). Political science and the three new institutionalisms. Political studies, 44(5), 936-957.

Hammami, R. (1995). NGOs: the professionalisation of politics. Race & Class, 37(2), 51-63.

Sari Hanafi & Linda Tabar (2005). The emergence of a Palestinian globalized elite: donors, international organizations and local NGOs. Jerusalem; [Ramallah], Institute of Jerusalem Studies; Muwatin. Palestinian Institute for the Study of Democracy.

More, A. L. (2008). International assistance to the Palestinians after Oslo: political guilt, wasted money, Abingdon (Oxon): Routledge.

Muslim Aid 2012 (2013, January). Annual Review. Muslim Aid. Retrieved from http://www.muslimaid.org

MyCare: About Us. (2010, Jan 1). MyCare. [Online]. Retrieved https://www.mycare.org.my/about-us/

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Thousand Oak, CA: Sage publications.

Pertubuhan Himpunan Lepasan Institusi Pendidikan Malaysia (HALUAN). Retrieved from https://www.haluan.org.my/donations/akademigaza/.

Qarmout, T. (2017). Delievering aid without Government. Gewerbestrasse, Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Shafi, S. A. (2004). Civil society and political elites in Palestine and the role of international donors: A Palestinian view. Lisboa: EuroMeSCo Secretariat.

Smircich, L. (1983). Concepts of culture and organizational analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28(3), 339-358.

Staff (2019). ‘USAID to lay off 85% of local staff as aid to Palestinians is cut’, Times of Israel 18 April, viewed 25 September 2019,< https://www.timesofisrael.com/usaidto-lay-off-85-of-local-staff-as-aid-to-palestinians-is-cut-report>

Taghdisi Rad, S. (2015). Political economy of aid in conflict: An analysis of pre-and post-Intifada donor behaviour in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Stability: International Journal of Security & Development, 4(1), Art-22.

Trump and the Palestinians: A timeline (2019, Nov 19). Al-Jazeera News Middle East. Retrieved from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/11/19/trump-and-the-palestinians-a-timeline
How to Cite
Ali, F. and Tayeb, A. (2021) “Exploring Alternative form of International Aid: A Study on Islamic Faith Based Organisation (IFBOs) Assistance in Gaza, Palestine”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(3), pp. 340 - 351. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i3.703.