The Health Issue in Orang Asli Community
Outbreak of Measles
is article is a case study on health issues in the Orang Asli community. After the outbreak of measles among Orang Asli in Kelantan, the health issue in this community has been questioned. Compared to non-aboriginal communities, the health of the aboriginal people is lagging, health disparity is still obvious. Since the 1950s, the Malaysian Government has tried to carry development and improve the quality of life in Orang Asli communities, along with non-government agencies, but the health status compared to other aboriginal people groups are still lower. There are a lot of factors as to why the health quality for Orang Asli does not meet the recommended standard including poor education environment, superstitions from their ancestors, and limited facilities to receive health information and medical check-ups. As an impact, they were 14 Orang Asli known as Batek tribe died in Kampung Kuala Koh, Gua Musang from the early of May until 6th June. On 17th June 2019, the Health Ministry has confirmed that there was an outbreak of measles among the Orang Asli Batek tribe at Kampung Kuala Koh, Gua Musang.
Claudia R. Valeggia & J. Josh Snodgrass (2015). Health of Indigenous Peoples. The Annual Review of Antropology. 2015(44), 117-135.
Edwin Michael & Eng May Chuen (2012). Education and Health Awareness among Indigenous People: A Study in Perak, Malaysia. ARPN Journal of Sciences and Technology. Vol. 2(8), 745-749.
Emma L.M. Rhule & Ashley Thoo (2018). Health for All: Indigenous Peoples Included. United Nation University - International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH). Retrieve from: https://iigh.unu.edu/publications/articles/health-for-all-indigenous-peoples-included.html
Expert: Destruction of Forest Linked to Decline in Health. The Star Online. 11 June 2019. Retrieve from: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/06/11/expert-destruction-of-forest-linked-to-decline-in-health
Fatimah Zainal (2019). More Orang Asli Down with Measles. The Star Online. 19 June 2019. Retrieve from: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/06/19/more-orang-asli-down-with-measles
Geok Lin Khor & Zalilah Mohd Shariff (2008). The Ecology of Health and Nutrition of "Orang Asli' (Indigenous People) Women and Children in Peninsular Malaysia. Tribes and Tribals: Chapter 8. Special Vol. (2), 67-77.
Lim, Y. A. I., Romano N., Colin N., Chow S.C., and Smith H.V. (2009). Intestinal Parasitic Infections amongst Orang Asli (Indigenous) in Malaysia: Has Socioeconomic Development Alleviated the Problem? Tropical Biomedicine. Vol. 26(2), 110-122.
Meenakshi Raman (2019). Need to Address Root Cause. The Star Online. 13 June 2019. Retrieve from: https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2019/06/13/need-to-address-root-cause/
Nurfaizah Saibul, Zalilah Mohd Shariff, Khor Geok Lin, Mirnalini Kandiah, Nawalyah Abdul Ghani, and Hejar Abdul Rahman (2009). Food Variety Score is associated with a Dual Burden of Malnutrition in Orang Asli (Malaysian Indigenous Peoples) Households: Implications for Health Promotion. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. Vol. 18(3), 412-422.
Orang Asli Village in Kelantan Afflicted with Measles Outbreak: Malaysia Health Minister. Channel News Asia. 17 June 2019. Retrieve from: https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/malaysia-measles-orang-asli-deaths-kuala-koh-kelantan-batek-11634806
Rachel Tay (2019). 14 Orang Asli have Died After an Outbreak, and Experts are Blaming Environmental Destruction for Their Declining Health. Business Insider Malaysia. 11 June 2019. Retrieved from: https://www.businessinsider.my/14-orang-asli-have-died-after-an-outbreak-and-experts-are-blaming-environmental-destruction-for-their-declining-health/
ResearchSEA (2017). Improving the Health of Fragile Tribes in Malaysia. Medical X press. 1 May 2017. Retrieved from:
Tarmiji Masron, Fujimaki Masami & Norhasimah Ismail (2013). Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia: Population, Spatial Distribution, and Socio-Economic Condition. Ritsumei Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity. Vol. 6(7), 75-115.
Zakiah Koya, Loh Foon Fong, and Jo Timbuong (2019). A Tribe that's Fast Disappearing. The Star Online. 11 June 2019. Retrieve from: https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/06/11/a-tribe-thats-fast-disappearing/