Pengenalan Rangkakerja Metodologi dalam Kajian Penyelidikan: Satu Kajian Literatur

A Literature Review

  • Ang Kean Hua Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
Keywords: objektif, hipotesis, perancangan, aplikasi, analisis


Research study is an academic methods applied in real world in solving problems associated with the society. The research process in achieving objectives of study will have a complete framework including methodology. Methodology can be defined as method used to collec and compile data through effective procedures in resulting the study problems. Methodology is divided into three stages, namely the planning process, application process, and analysis process. This literature review of methodology framework prioritizes on the planning process that involve with research study design, which can be divided into an experimental and non-experimental. Experimental methods can be categorized into real-experimental studies and quasi-experimental studies. Meanwhile, non- experimental can be divided into experimental survey, field studies, case studies, action studies and historical studies. Mostly experimental methods are used in pure science and non-experimental methods used in social sciences. However, both methods are still relevant to be applied into certain areas of study in order to achieve the objectives and hypothesis. Therefore, the methodology are compulsory to be designed and applied properly, precisely and accurately so that the process of collecting data in the period of before, during and after collection will not involve with ant errors, mistakes and carelessness that may affect the research study.


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Guest, G., Bunce, A. and Johnson, L. (2006). "How many interviews are enough? An experiment with data saturation and variability". Field Methods, 18(1), 59-82.Krejcie,

R.V., dan Morgan, D.W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 30, 607-610.

Lewin, K. (1946). Resolving social conflicts; selected papers on group dynamics. New York: Harper & Row.

Marican, S. (2005). Kaedah penyelidikan sains sosial. Prentice Hall/Pearson Malaysia.

Snyder, J.C., Catanese, A.J., and Macgintry, T. (1979). Design the Design Process. In T. McGinty (Ed.), Introduction to architecture (pp. 152-190): McGraw-Hill.

Solomon, J.L. (1949). An extension of control group design. Psychological Bulletin. 46, 137-150.

Yusof, R (2003). Penyelidikan Sains Sosial (Social Science Research). Pahang, Malaysia: PTS Publications & Distributors (Malay Version).
How to Cite
Kean Hua, A. (2016) “Pengenalan Rangkakerja Metodologi dalam Kajian Penyelidikan: Satu Kajian Literatur”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 1(2), pp. 17 - 24. doi: 10.47405/mjssh.v1i2.8.