Social Capital and Subjective Well-Being in Malaysia

  • Norafisha Kamarudin School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Siew Hwa Yen School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
  • Kok Fong See School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Keywords: happiness, life satisfaction, bonding social capital, bridging social capital, linking social capital

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between different forms of social capital and subjective well-being in Malaysia. Subjective well-being is observed based on two aspects: happiness and life satisfaction. The analysis using data from the World Value Survey with 1300 respondents. Based on the ordered probit regression analysis, it is found that bonding and linking social capital contribute to happiness. Happiness also increases for those who are more active in associations. However, bridging social capital based on trust of people from other religion and ethnic group as well as people whom an individual does not know have adverse contribution to happiness. Only linking social capital has a positive relationship with life satisfaction. In terms of religiosity, importance of God seems to have positive relationship with both happiness and life satisfaction. Other factors such as health status, income, marital status and education also have the influence on Malaysians’ happiness and life satisfaction levels.

Statistics
Abstract views: 307 , PDF downloads: 366

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anand & Paul. (2016). Happiness Explained. Oxford University Press.

Bedi, R.S. (2019). World Happiness index: Malaysia plunges from no35 to 80 in one year. The Star. 21 March, 2019.

Cheah, Y.K., & Tang, C.F. (2013). The social-demographic determinants of self-rated happiness: The case of Penang, Malaysia. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics 54(1), 1-16.

Chen H, Meng T. (2015) Bonding, Bridging, and Linking Social Capital and Self-Rated Health among Chinese Adults: Use of the Anchoring Vignettes Technique. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0142300. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.014230.

Chong, S. T., Koh, D., Fauziah, I. & Samsudin, A. R. (2017). Neighbourhood Social Capital and Neighbourhood Safety in Predicting the Subjective Well-being of Young Malaysians. Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. & Hum. 25 (S): 155-164.

Churchill, S. A. & Mishra, V. (2017). Trust, Social Networks and Subjective Wellbeing in China. Social Indicators Research,132, 313–339.

Coleman, J. M. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal Sociology, 94, S95-S120.

Coleman, J. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Diener, Edward. (2009). “Subjective Well-being.” In The Science of Well-being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener. Edited by Ed Diener. Social Indicators Research Series 37. New York, NY: Springer Publishing.

Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Very happy people. Research report. Psychological Science, 13(1), 81–84.

Dolan, P., Peasgood, T., & White, M. (2008). Do we really know what makes us happy? A review of the economic literature on the factors associated with subjective well-being. Journal of Economic Psychology, 29, 94–122.

Easterlin, R.A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In David, P.A. and Reder, M.W. (Eds.), Nations and households in economics growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramowitz. New York: Academic Press, pp.89-125.

Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 27, 35–47.

Easterlin, R.A. (2001). Income and happiness: Towards a unified theory. Economic Journal, 111(473), 465-484.

Easterlin, R.A. (2003). Building a better theory of well-being. IZA Discussion paper series, No. 742.

Easterlin, R.A. (2006). Life cycle happiness and its sources: Intersections of psychology, economics, and demography. Journal of Economic Psychology 27(4), 463-48.

Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, A. (2002). What can economists learn from happiness research. Journal of Economic Literature, 40, 402–435.

Frey, B.S. (2008). Happiness: A revolution in economics. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Ghamari, M. (2012). The Relationship of Social Capital and Happiness among High School Students of Karaj City. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(1), 2222-6990.

Greene, W. H. (2002). Econometric Analysis. Fifth Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River.

Howell. R.T., Chong, W.T., Howell, C.J., & Schwabe, K. (2012). Happiness and life satisfaction in Malaysia. In Selin, H. & Davey, G. (Eds.), Happiness across culture: View of happiness and quality of life in non-Western cultures. New York: Springer, pp.43-55.

Kanai, M. (2015). Contextual Effects of Bridging Social Capital on Subjective Well-being. The Senshu Social Well-being Review No.2.

Kroll, C. (2011). Towards a sociology of happiness: examining social capital and subjective well-being across subgroups of society. The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

Krueger, A.B. and D. Schkade. (2008). The Reliability of Subjective Well-being Measures. Journal of Public Economics. 92, 1833-1845.

Matsushima, M. & Matsunaga, Y. (2015). Social Capital and Subjective Well-Being in Japan. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 26, 1016–1045. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11266-015-9623-x.

Nadeem, M. & Ankhita, U.(2017). Interpersonal Trust and Happiness among Young Adults: A Correlational Study. International Journal Of Public Mental Health and Neurosciences, 4(1).

Ng, Y.K. (2003). From preference to happiness: Towards a more complete welfare economics. Social Choice Welfare 20(2), 307-350.

Okulicz-Kozaryn, A. (2009). Religiosity and life satisfaction across nation. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 13(2), 155-16.

Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1–24.

Paldam, M. (2000). Social capital: One or many? Definition and measurement. Journal of Economic Surveys, 14, 629–653.

Putnam, R.D. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Putnam, R. D. (1995). Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6, 65–78.

Putnam, R. (2000) Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon Schuster.

Royo, M.G., & Velazco, J. (2006). Exploring the relationship between happiness, objective and subjective well-being: Evidence from rural Thailand. WeD Working Paper. United Kingdom: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Research Group on Wellbeing in Developing Countries.

Sarracino, Francesco. (2010). “Determinants of Subjective Well-being in High and Low Income Countries: do happiness equations differ across countries?” CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper 2010-15. Accessed: 29 May 2012. .

Selin, H.& Davey, G. (Eds.) (2012). Happiness across culture: View of happiness and quality of life in non-Western cultures. New York: Springer.

Velicer, W.F. & Fava, J.L. 1998. Effects of variable and subjective sampling on factor pattern recovery. Psychological methods. 3: 231-51.

Williams, K. (2003). Perceived Housework Equity, Marital Happiness, and Divorce in Dual-Earner Households. Journal of Family Issues, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X02238520.

Woo, M., & Kim, S. (2017). Does social capital always raise life satisfaction? A comparison of South Korea and Taiwan. International Journal of Social Welfare. 27(2). https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12293.
World Value Survey 2010-2014. Official Data File, v.20140428. World Value Survey Association. ASEP/JDS, Madrid. www.worldvaluesurvey.com [Accessed 20 September 2014].
Published
2020-06-14
How to Cite
Kamarudin, N., Yen, S. and See, K. (2020) “Social Capital and Subjective Well-Being in Malaysia”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5(6), pp. 1 - 10. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v5i6.424.
Section
Articles