Konsep Jaringan dan Aplikasi Teori Jaringan Sosial ke dalam Jaringan Perkhidmatan Kebajikan Kanak-kanak

  • Siti Hajar Abdul Rauf Siti Hajar, A.R
  • Haris Abd Wahab Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya
  • Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya
Keywords: jaringan sosial, teori jaringan sosial, jaringan perkhidmatan, ikatan, kanak-kanak

Abstract

Artikel ini membincangkan mengenai konsep jaringan sosial dan aplikasi Teori Jaringan Sosial ke dalam jaringan perkhidmatan kebajikan kanak-kanak. Konsep jaringan sosial yang dibincangkan dipecahkan kepada dua bahagian; iaitu konsep jaringan sosial dari aspek hubungan dan konsep jaringan sosial dari aspek struktur. Manakala, Teori Jaringan Sosial pula menerangkan empat perkara asas; iaitu jenis jaringan sosial, corak jaringan sosial, sistem jaringan sosial dan agihan jaringan sosial. Analisis dokumen yang dilakukan melalui sorotan literatur terhadap kajian-kajian lepas mendapati bahawa jaringan sosial dibahagikan kepada tiga jenis; iaitu jaringan sosial formal, jaringan sosial tidak formal dan jaringan sosial bersepadu. Corak jaringan sosial pula dipecahkan kepada lima corak perhubungan; iaitu hubungan tidak berarah, hubungan berarah, hubungan secara simetri, hubungan melalui orang tengah dan juga sosiogram. Manakala, bagi agihan jaringan sosial, didapati terdapat empat faktor utama yang mempengaruhi agihan jaringan sosial; iaitu objek atau pihak-pihak yang terlibat dalam jaringan yang terbina, penghubung ikatan jaringan, hubungan peranan, fungsi dan tanggungjawab antara objek/pihak yang terlibat dalam ikatan jaringan; serta arus (flow) dan pertukaran (exchange) dalam sistem jaringan.

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Published
2019-06-27
How to Cite
Abdul Rauf, S. H., Abd Wahab, H. and Abu Bakar Ah, S. H. (2019) “Konsep Jaringan dan Aplikasi Teori Jaringan Sosial ke dalam Jaringan Perkhidmatan Kebajikan Kanak-kanak”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 4(3), pp. 147 - 163. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v4i3.216.
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Articles