Cabaran dalam Proses Kutipan Data Kaedah Kualitatif Ketika Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) dan Pandemik Covid-19

  • Sulaiman Bin Tahajuddin Fakulti Perniagaan, Ekonomi dan Perakaunan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Abdul Wahid Mohd Kassim Fakulti Perniagaan, Ekonomi dan Perakaunan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Jainurin Justine Fakulti Perniagaan, Ekonomi dan Perakaunan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
  • Intan Soliha Ibrahim Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Keywords: Covid-19, isu dan cabaran, kualitatif, kutipan data, GLC, NGO

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk memahami dan menerangkan mengenai cabaran atau kesukaran yang berlaku dalam proses mengutip data bagi kajian yang menggunakan kaedah kualitatif ketika Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) sedang berjalan disebabkan oleh pandemik Covid-19 di Malaysia. Sama ada kaedah kuantitatif mahupun kualitatif, kedua-duanya memerlukan data yang bersifat tulen, lengkap dan berkualiti. Untuk tujuan tersebut, maka proses pengutipan data memerlukan tatacara kutipan data dilakukan dengan berhati-hati dan pada masa yang sama mengikut prosedur terbaik. Kajian ini telah memilih satu entiti syarikat berkaitan kerajaan (GLC) dan satu entiti pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO) sebagai kajian kes untuk mencapai objektif kajian. Dapatan kajian mendapati terdapat isu dan cabaran yang agak berbeza dalam proses kutipan data melibatkan GLC dan NGO dalam konteks kajian menggunakan kaedah kualitatif. Entiti NGO didapati lebih terbuka dan bekerja sama berbanding entiti GLC dalam proses tersebut. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa data yang dikutip daripada NGO adalah lebih komprehensif dan berkualiti berbanding dengan GLC. Ini menunjukkan bahawa, terdapat banyak isu dan cabaran yang dihadapi dalam proses mengumpul data daripada GLC berbanding daripada NGO ketika PKP Covid-19 di Malaysia.

Statistics
Abstract views: 48 , PDF downloads: 28

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdul Rashid, S. M. R., Hassan, F., & Ahmad, K. (2020). Post Covid-19 Online Business Strategies by Small-scale Entrepreneurs in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(9), 564-571.

Akbayrak, B. (2000). A Comparison of Two Data Collecting Methods: Interviews and Questionnaires. Hacettepe Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergesi, 18, 1-10.

Ashton, S. (2014). Researcher or nurse? Difficulties of undertaking semi-structured interviews on sensitive topics. Nurse Researcher, 22(1), 27-31.

Bonevski, B., Randell, M., Paul, C., Chapman, K., Twyman, L., Bryant, J.,…Hughes, C. (2014). Reaching the hard-to-reach: A systematic review of strategies for improving health and medical research with socially disadvantaged groups. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 14(42), 1-29.

Bourne, A. H., & Robson, M. A. (2015). Participants’ reflections on being interviewed about risk and sexual behavior: Implications for collection of qualitative data on sensitive topics. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 18(1), 105-116.

Broadbent, J. & Laughlin, R. (2005). Organisational and Accounting Change: Theoretical and Empirical Reflections and Thoughts on a Future Research Agenda’. The Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Organizational Change, 1(1), 7-26.

Bruce, C. D. (2007). Question Arising about Emergence, Data Collection, and Its Interaction with Analysis in a Grounded Theory Study. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 6(1), 1-12.

Bryant, M. (2006). Talking About Change: Understanding Employee Responses through Qualitative Research. Management Decision, 44(2), 246-258.

Caccia, L. & Steccoloni, I. (2006). Accounting Change in Italian Local Governments: What’s Beyond Managerial Fashion?. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 17, 154-174.

Cosimato, S. Torre, C. & Troisi, O. (2015). How to Innovate Management Accounting For Public Sector: An Italian Case Study. Journal of US-China Public Administration, 12(9), 695-705.

Dearnley, C. (2005). A reflection on the use of semi-structured interviews. Nurse Researcher, 13(1), 19-28.

Dilshad, R. M. & Latif, M. I. (2013). Focus Group Interview as a Tool for Qualitative Research: An Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 33(1), 191-198.

Eriksson, A., Holden, R. J., Williams, A. & Delive, L. (2016). A Case Study of Three Swedish Hospitals’ Strategies for Implementing Lean Production. Nordic journal of working life studies, 6(1), 105-131.

Foo, L, P., Chin, M. Y., Tan, K. L. & Phuah, K. T. (2020): The impact of COVID-19 on tourism industry in Malaysia, Current Issues in Tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-5.

https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1777951.

Frels, R. K. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2013). Administering Quantitative Instruments with Qualitative Interviews: A Mixed Research Approach. Journal of Counselling & Development, 91, 184-194.

Gilbert, F, Denis, J. L., Lamothe, L., Beaulieu, M. D., D’Amour, D. & Goudreau, J. (2012). Reforming Primary Healthcare: From Public Policy To Organizational Change. Journal of Health Organization and Management, 29(1), 92-110

Gurd, B. (2008). Structuration and middle-range theory – A case study of accounting during organizational change from different theoretical perspectives. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 19, 523-543.

Karim, W., Haque, A, Anis, Z. & Ulfy, M. A. (2020). The Movement Control Order (MCO) for COVID-19 Crisis and its Impact on Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Malaysia. International Tourism and Hospitality Journal, 3(2): pp.1-07,

Khan & Hashim. (2020). The Effect Of Covid-19 On Tourism And Hospitality Industry In Malaysia, Resurgence In The Post-Pandemic Era: A Conceptual Criterion. International Journal of Tourism & Hospitality Review, 7(2), 54-62.

Laughlin, R. (1991). Environment Disturbances and Organizational Transitions and Transformations: Some Alternative Models. Organization Studies, 12(2), 209-232.

Malhotra, N. & Hinnings, C. R. (2015). Unpacking Continuity and Change as a Process of Organizational Transformation. Long Range Planning, 48, 1-22.

Mason, M. (2010). Sample Size and Saturation in PhD Studies Using Qualitative Interviews. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 11(3), 1-13.

Meija, P. C., Verloop, N. & Beijeard, D. (2002). Multi-Method Triangulation in a Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Practical Knowledge: An Attempt to Increase Internal Validity. Quality & Quantity, 36, 145–167.

Mokhtar, Yazid & Shamsudin (2020). Sustainability of tourism industry in Malaysia. Journal of Postgraduate Current Business Research, ARBN,1-3.

Namazi, M. (2013). Role of the Agency Theory in Implementing Management's Control. Journal of Accounting and Taxation, 5(2), 38-47.

Nicholl, H. (2010). Diaries as a method of data collection in research. Pediatric Nursing, 22(7), 16-20.

O’Keeffe, J., Buytaert, W., Mijic, A., Brozovic, N. & Sinha, R. (2015). The Use of Semi-Structured Interviews for the Characterization of Farmer Irrigation Practices. Hydrology Earth System Sciences Discussion, 12, 8221-8246

Onwugbuzie, A. J. dan Leech, N. L. & Collins, K. M. (2010). Innovative Data Collection Strategies in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, 15(3), 696-726.

Owen, G. T. (2014). Qualitative Methods in Higher Education Policy Analysis: Using Interviews and Document Analysis. The Qualitative Report, 19(52), 1-19.

Rabionet, S. E. (2011). How I learned to Design and Conduct Semi-Structured Interviews: An Ongoing and Continuous Journey. The Qualitative Report, 16(2), 563-566.

Razak, N. A. (2020). Health and Tourism: Implications of COVID-19 Pandemic to the Malaysian Travel and Hospitality Industry. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 9(4), 663-670.

Rimando, M., Brace, A., Parr, T. L., Sealy,D. A., Davis, T. L., Martinez, L. M. & Christiana, R. W. (2015). Data Collection Challenges and Recommendations for Early Career Researchers. The Qualitative Report, 12(1), 2025-2036.

SBU. (2014). Evaluation and synthesis of studies using qualitative methods of analysis. Stockholm: Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Assessment of Social Services (SBU).

Shah, A. U. M., Safri, S. N. A., Thevadas, R., Noordin, N. K., Rahman, A. A., Sekawi, Z., Ideris, A. and Hameed Sultan, M. T. H. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak in Malaysia: Actions taken by the Malaysian government. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 108-116.

Stefura, G. (2014). Using Methodological Triangulation to Study the Individual Compliance Behaviour towards Income Reporting. SEA - Practical Application of Science, 11(3), 582-587.

Tahajuddin, S. (2021). The Malaysian Experience on Covid-19 Pandemic: The Articles Review and Potential Research Opportunities from the Organizational and Accounting Perspectives. International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Management, 3(1), 755-783. DOI: 10.35629/5252-0301248253

Tahajuddin, S. and Sulaiman, N. N. (2021). Malaysian Government Choice of Fiscal and Monetary Policies during Covid-19 Pandemic: Preliminary Insight. International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Management, 3(1), 248-253.

Tessier, S. & Otley, D. (2012). From Management Controls to the Management of Controls. Accounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal, 25(5), 776-805.

Tsamenyi, M., Cullen, J., & Gonzalez J. M. G. (2006). Changes in Accounting and Financial Information System in a Spanish Electricity Company: A New Institutional Theory Analysis. Management Accounting Research, 17, 409-432.

Turner, D. W. (2010). Qualitative Interview Design: A Practical Guide for Novice Investigators. The Qualitative Report, 15(3), 754-760.

Yeasmin, S. & Rahman, K. F. (2012). Triangulation' Research Method as the Tool of Social Science Research. BUP Journal, 1(1), 154-163.
Published
2021-09-10
How to Cite
Tahajuddin, S., Mohd Kassim, A. W., Justine, J. and Ibrahim, I. S. (2021) “Cabaran dalam Proses Kutipan Data Kaedah Kualitatif Ketika Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP) dan Pandemik Covid-19”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 6(9), pp. 35 - 48. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v6i9.1034.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)